Nanotechnology is the Science and technology of materials and appliances that of the size of a billionth of a meter (precisely nanometer = 10-9 meter, 10 Angstroms). This situation has been described by C.N. Rao, FRS, a distinguished world renowned Professor, as akin to having 1000 CDs in a wristwatch.
In other words, Nanotechnology is the creation and utilization of materials, devices, and systems through the control of matter on the nanometer-length scale. That is, at the level of atoms, molecules, and supermolecular structures. It is a highly multidisciplinary field, drawing from fields such as colloidal science, device physics and supramolecular chemistry.
Nanotechnology is one of the emerging technology areas where Nigeria is lacking in expertise. It is classified in the same group as ICT and biotechnology.
Already, the technology is being used in advanced economies of the WEST and SOUTH-EAST Asia, to create high technology industries in areas of electronics, medicine, development of new materials and space. Nanotechnology has been identified as one of the technologies of the technologies of the future for Nigeria. This is therefore the time to key into the global network of research and development efforts. NASENI has been charged with this responsibility.
The technology has potential applications in energy, medicine (diagnosis and treatment of diseases and environmental ills), nano-porous materials for water filtration, agriculture, electronics etc.
Currently, a road map and business plan for the successful take off of Nigeria’s Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Programme is being drawn which are in the areas of Nanomedicine, Nanoelectronics and Nano Structured and Nanoporous materials. A National Centre for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials is being established to be located under NASENI.
Under the Nigerian Nanotechnology Initiatives, the programmes currently running includes:
- NASENI’s Nanoparticle Production Workshop and Training
- NASENI’s Nanotechnology Visiting Researchers Scheme
- NASENI’s Nanotechnology Research Grant
- Africa – Materials Research Society (A-MRS) Executive Meeting
Equipments available at Engineering Materials Development Institute (EMDI), Akure for Visiting Researcher’s Scheme includes: Spin Coater, UV-Visible Spectrophotometer, XRD, 4-point probe, Hot plate with magnetic stirrer, water bath, Ultrasonic Cleaner, UV Curing System, Vacuum Oven, Fume Box, Instron Machine, Ball Milling Machine, 3-Source Coater.