The lack of access to modern energy services has been recognized as a major obstacle for people to move away from poverty and upgrade their quality of life. In 2002 at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, South Africa (Johannesburg 2002), the heads of state agreed on eight main “Millennium Development Goals” MDGs) to tackle poverty. In that summit, energy services played an important role in achieving these goals. Following the WSSD, the European Union has underlined that “energy is a key component of any poverty eradication and sustainable development strategy, and is critical to the achievement of the MDGs” (Adewoye, 2007)
Indeed, energy is central to sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts. It affects all aspects of development — social, economic and environmental — including livelihoods, access to water, agricultural productivity, health, population levels, education, and gender-related issues. None of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) can be met without major improvement in the quality and quantity of energy services in developing countries. UNDP’s efforts in energy for sustainable development support the achievement of the MDGs, especially MDG 1, reducing by half the proportion of people living in poverty by 2015. Through an integrated development approach, UNDP works to help create enabling policy frameworks, develop local capacity and provide knowledge-based advisory services for expanding access to energy services for the poor. (UNDP Report, Internet).
NASENI intervention in the Energy sector involves the establishment of a Solar Panel Plant at Karshi, design and production of Small Hydro Power turbines, Pole Mounted Transformers, and Wind Turbine blades.